Copyright 2001, AQUAFIN, Inc., 505 Blue Ball Rd., #160, Elkton, MD 21921
(410) 392-2300 (800-394-1410)
SURFACE APPLIED VAPOR REDUCTION SYSTEMS
EPOXY MOISTURE MITIGATION SYSTEMS
PART 1 - GENERAL
Furnish all labor, materials, tools and equipment as necessary to perform installation of a
surface applied moisture mitigation system (vapor retarder) on new and/or existing concrete
slabs as shown on drawings and as specified in this section.
Repairs and preparation of concrete floors.
Related Sections: (Specifier: Delete or add necessary Sections)
See section 033000 Cast-in-Place Concrete.
See section 096200 Specialty Flooring.
See section 096300 Masonry Flooring.
See section 096400 Wood Flooring.
See section 096500 Resilient Flooring.
See section 096600 Terrazzo Flooring.
See section 096700 Fluid-Applied Flooring.
See section 096800 Carpet.
ASTM F 1869 - Standard Test Method for Measuring Moisture Vapor Emission Rate of
Concrete Subfloor Using Anhydrous Calcium Chloride; 1998.
ASTM E 1907 – Standard Practices for Determining Moisture-Related Acceptability of
Concrete Floors to Receive Moisture-Sensitive Finishes; 1997.
ASTM E 96 - Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials; 1995.
ASTM D 4541 B - Pull-Off Strength of Coatings; 1995, Modified
Submit manufacturer's certification that proposed materials, details and systems as indicated
and specified fully comply with manufacturer's details and specifications. If any portion of
Contract Documents do not conform to manufacturer's standard recommendations, submit
notification of portions of design that are at variance with manufacturer's specifications.
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Submit manufacturer's literature, installation instructions and MSDS (Material Safety
Data Sheet) for each product.
Submit independent testing laboratory data for product, evidencing:
up to 95% reduction of water vapor transmission (tested as per
ASTM E 96-95).
product is insensitive to alkaline environment up to pH 14 (tested
as per ASTM D 1308).
Company specializing in manufacturing products specified in this Section with
minimum 5 years documented experience.
Acceptable to manufacturer with documented experience on at least 3 projects of
similar nature in past 5 years and/or training provided by the product manufacturer.
DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING
Deliver and store in a dry, well ventilated area at minimum 50 deg F (10 deg C) and
maximum 90 deg F (32 deg C).
Deliver materials in manufacturer's unopened containers fully identified with brand, type,
grade, class and all other qualifying information. Provide Material Safety Data Sheets for
Coordinate floor sealing installation with other trades.
Provide materials and accessories in timely manner so as not to delay Work.
Maintain surfaces to be sealed and surrounding air temperature at not less than 50 deg F (10
Exercise caution when temperatures exceed 90 deg F (32 deg C).
PART 2 - PRODUCTS
Approved Manufacturers: AQUAFIN, Inc. 505 Blue Ball Rd., #160, Elkton, MD, Phone (800)
394-1410 or (410) 392-2300; Fax (410) 392-2324; e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Requests for substitutions will be considered only if submitted to the architect/engineer in
writing and must include substantiation of product performance, 10 days prior to the original
Moisture Vapor Emission Reduction Control System (concrete floor sealer): One-part system
consisting of a two-component, moisture tolerant, high density, low odor, chemically
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enhanced epoxy based product which must reduce vapor emissions (MVER) to 3 lbs/24
hrs*1000 SF or less and be compatible with floor finishes and adhesives approved by the
2. Component-A and B:
Precise blend of white and yellowish liquid
3. Compressive Strength: (ASTM D-695)
>11,000 psi (>80 Mpa)
4. Flexural Strength: (ASTM D-790)
>4,000 psi (>27 Mpa)
5. Bond/Adhesion: (ASTM D-4541)
(>3.5 Mpa) at 28 days
6. Permeance: (ASTM E-96)
<1.0 perm (<5.7E-08 grams/Pa*s*m )
7. Alkaline Resistance: (ASTM D-1308) up to pH 14
8. Vapor Reduction: (ASTM E-96)
up to 95%
9. Cured for installation of flooring:
12 hrs at 73 deg F (23 deg C)
10. pH on cured surface:
PART 3 - EXECUTION
Examine all construction substrates and conditions under which concrete floor sealer
material is to be installed. Do not proceed with the concrete floor sealer installation until
unsatisfactory conditions are corrected.
Assure that surfaces to be treated do not contain any kind of sealer.
Anhydrous Calcium Chloride Testing as per ASTM F-1869:
1. Before installation of concrete floor sealer: use tests carried out by Architect/Engineer
during study phase, and confirm by testing through installer or independent laboratory
prior to installation of concrete floor sealer.
2. After installation of concrete floor sealer: not required by manufacturer of specified
concrete floor sealer, unless specified during bid stage.
Protect adjacent surfaces not designated to receive concrete floor sealer.
1. Remove existing floor coverings, coatings and adhesives down to bare concrete, curing
compounds, efflorescence, dust, grease, laitance, etc. with steel shot blasting, abrasive
(sand) blasting or grinding using a diamond cup blade. Acid etching is not
2. Assure that all slabs have surface profile ICRI CSP 3 - 5 (ICRI, Des Plaines, IL,
Guideline No. 03732.) for mechanical bond (i.e. medium grit sandpaper). Smooth
surfaces are not acceptable, they must be shot blasted.
3. Burn off reinforcing fibers and collect and vacuum remains.
4. Repair defective areas such as honeycombs, cracks or other defects with a suitable
repairing or manufacturer recommended mortar.
5. Treat saw cut and expansion joints as per manufacturer’s application guideline.
6. Install cementitious underlayment, leveling mortars, flash patching, on top of surface
applied concrete floor sealer.
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7. Carefully rinse or pre-dampen several times all the surfaces to be treated with clean
water, leave no standing water.
A. Mix concrete floor sealer material in proportions recommended by manufacturer.
B. Apply concrete floor sealer material in quantities as per manufacturer's specifications and
1. Apply in one coat at specified rate for moisture vapor emission rate (MVER) up to 25 lbs/24
hrs*1000 SF (<5.0 g/hr/m ).
2. Apply using roller or squeegee to the still moist substrate, and carefully scrub it into the pores
with a long handled scrub brush. Follow with a roller to achieve a uniform coverage.
C. Immediately broadcast clean, dry, fresh water washed and dried #20 silica sand (0.5 to 1.0 mm)
to “rejection” (full broadcast) or at a rate of up to 30 lb/100 SF (1.5 kg/m ) into the fresh concrete
floor sealer where a 2 coat or subsequent top coating such as epoxy, epoxy terrazzo, cementbased topping, underlayment, polyurea, polyurethane, etc., follows.
E. Where specified install leveling
F. Where specified install floor covering as per manufacturer’s specifications and recommendations.
1. Water based adhesives under VCT, sheet vinyl, linoleum, rubber backed carpet or
other non-breathable flooring systems require a cementitious underlayment on top of the
concrete floor sealer for their curing process. Consult adhesive manufacturer for
recommended minimum thickness of cementitious underlayment.
2. Pressure sensitive adhesives installed directly over broadcasted concrete floor sealer require
a longer "tack" time than listed on manufacturer's literature to prevent adhesive moisture
Remove left over materials and any foreign material resulting from the work from the site.
Clean adjacent surfaces and materials.
END OF SECTION
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Project: ........ (06/06)